Heart failure is a condition in which the heart weakens and loses the ability to pump enough blood to the body's tissues. When too little blood is delivered, the organs and other tissues do not receive enough oxygen and nutrients to function properly.
Heart failure can be caused by coronary artery disease (CAD), heart attack, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart valve problems, viral infections and other diseases of the heart muscle (myocardium), as well as drug and alcohol abuse. According to the American Heart Association, an estimated 5.8 million people in the United States have heart failure, and about 670,000 people are diagnosed with it each year.
The Cardiovascular Institute’s Heart Failure Program provides advanced care for heart failure patients, including those who have had a heart transplant. This specialized program allows heart failure patients to remain close to home for coordinated care of all their treatments and testing.
A multidisciplinary team of leading cardiologists, cardiovascular surgeons, and specially trained nurses at Maine Medical Center partners with Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, MA for heart transplant surgery. Maine patients who are waiting for a heart transplant receive their regular treatment and testing at the Cardiovascular Institute.
See also Cardiac Rehab for People with Heart Failure and the MMC cardiac rehabilitation program, Turning Point.
Read about diagnosing heart failure with patient history and physical exam.
There are different types of heart failure, and we treat them all here at MMC: