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Maine Medical Center Cancer Institute


Pathologists are physicians who specialize in identifying the nature, origin, progress, and cause of disease by analyzing body tissues and fluids. Anatomic pathologists perform autopsies and analyze tissues taken from patients during surgery or by biopsy. Clinical pathologists, on the other hand, analyze chemicals and cells in blood, sputum, bone marrow, and urine to diagnose disease. Maine Maine Medical Center's Pathology Division's emphasis on sub-specialization allows us to cover most areas of anatomic and clinical pathology, with a pathologist specifically trained in the areas below.

Anatomic Pathology

  • Dermatopathology (analysis of tissue from the skin)
  • Gastrointestinal Pathology (analysis of tissue from the gastrointestinal tract)
  • Hematopathology (analysis of the immune system and tissue from the lymph system )
  • Gynecologic Pathology (analysis of tissue from female reproductive system)
  • Pulmonary Pathology (analysis of tissue from the lungs)
  • Renal Pathology (analysis of tissue from the kidneys)
  • Cytopathology (analysis of cells to look for damage or disease)
  • Soft Tissue Pathology (analysis of soft tissue)
  • Breast Pathology (analysis of tissue from the breast)
  • Urologic Pathology (analysis of tissue from the urinary and urogenital tract)
  • Flow Cytometry (the use of antibodies to diagnose leukemias and lymphomas)
  • Molecular Pathology (analysis at the molecular level)

Clinical Pathology

  • Transfusion Medicine (analysis of how blood, blood components, or bone marrow is transferred from a healthy donor into the bloodstream of somebody who has lost blood or who has a blood disorder)
  • Coagulation/Thrombosis (analysis of blood clotting)
  • Immunology (analysis of the way the immune system works in the body, including allergies, resistance to disease, and acceptance or rejection of foreign tissue)
  • Hematology (analysis of the blood and diseases of the blood)
  • Microbiology/Parasitology (analysis of microscopic organisms and parasites)
  • Laboratory Medical Directorship

Emphasis on Quality

MMC's Pathology Department has developed a rigorous quality assurance (QA) program for surgical pathology and cytopathology. Our QA program includes extensive prospective peer review, analysis of frozen section accuracy and ongoing benchmarking with other institutions. We also regularly monitor turnaround times for surgical pathology and cytopathology reports. Our extensive cytopathology quality program allows us to feed back important practice or clinician-specific data, allowing improved and more cost-effective patient care.

Maine Medical Center offers a full-range of specialized services, including immunohistochemistry and molecular pathology. Our Spectrum Medical Group  physicians each year provide professional services for the following:

  • 50,000 surgical pathology cases
  • 62,000 gynecologic cytopathology cases
  • 5,500 non-gynecologic cytopathology cases
  • 2,700 anatomic pathology flow cytometry cases
  • 75 autopsies


Health Information

22 Bramhall Street | Portland, Maine 04102-3175 | 1-(877)-831-2129