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Diagnosis & Treatment

Diagnosis

The Barbara Bush Children’s Hospital has the diagnostic capabilities to perform comprehensive evaluations for pediatric patients with most neurological conditions. These capabilities include:

  • State-of-the art MRI services, bi-plane cerebral angiography, and nuclear medicine investigation
  • MR spectroscopy to assess the metabolic status of a tumor, helping to differentiate between tumor recurrence and tissue necrosis
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG) to record the brain's electrical activity and help distinguish types of seizures and where in the brain they begin
  • Electromyography (EMG) to help find the cause of muscle weaknesses and help diagnose neuromuscular disorders such as motor neuron disease, neuropathy, and nerve and muscle damage
  • Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) test to measure the speed at which sensory and motor nerves transmit signals
  • Electronystagmography (ENG) to look at voluntary and involuntary eye movements and evaluate the acoustic nerve Evoked Potentials to test motor and sensory nerve function
  • 72-hour Ambulatory EEG to help distinguish epileptic seizures from non-epileptic seizures by monitoring brain activity over several days
  • Video/EEG Monitoring, the "gold standard" in the diagnosis of seizures in which the EEG is recorded for a prolonged period, accompanied by continuous closed-circuit video observation.
  • Neuropsychological testing
  • PSG (polysomnogram) test to help diagnose pediatric sleep disorders

Treatment

Our pediatric neurologists are on the leading edge of medical and technological advances for treating children with neurological conditions. Among the state-of-the-art treatments available here are:

  • Intrathecal baclofen pump (IBP) management to help decrease spasticity related to multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries and other neurological diseases
  • Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS)
  • Botulinum toxin (Botox) therapy for such conditions as spasticity and dystonia
  • Innovative medical and alternative therapies for children with autism spectrum disorders
  • Surgical treatment options, when appropriate, from Maine’s only pediatric neurosurgeon

 

The Barbara Bush Children's Hospital is a department of Maine Medical Center