Eira Kristiina Hyrkäs, PhD, LicNSc, MNSc, R.N. Director for CNRQO
Dr. Hyrkas graduated in 1982 and specialized in surgical nursing in 1984. She worked as a staff nurse in the Intensive Care Unit of Turku University Hospital and in the ER of Loimaa District Hospital from 1982-1987. She began teaching in 1988 at Pirkanmaa College of Nursing and also became a full time lecturer.
Dr. Hyrkas completed her Master's degree in 1992; her Licentiate Degree (a post-graduate degree in the Finnish education system. The credits required for this degree are equal to a doctoral degree, but the credits counted for the thesis are lower) in 1997 and her Doctoral Degree in 2002. Her academic teaching career started in 1994 at the University of Tampere. She worked first as a Planning Officer, and after that as a Senior Lecturer and Senior Assistant Professor in the Department of Nursing Science.
During 1997 to 2002 she worked as a full time researcher at the University of Tampere, Department of Nursing Science.
In 2002, she moved to Canada and started to work as an Assistant Professor at the University of Alberta, Faculty of Nursing. Later on she became an Associate Professor at the University of Northern. British Columbia.
The focuses of her research projects are (a) quality and quality related issues in health care, (b) patient satisfaction, (c) clinical supervision, (d) teaching and learning nursing. Methodological expertise: Dr. Hyrkas has applied both quantitative and qualitative methods in her studies and triangulation. She has applied action research -approach in many of the research projects in clinical settings.
Currently Dr. Hyrkas is sitting on two international journals’ editorial boards (Journal of Nursing Management and Journal of Advanced Nursing). She also reviews manuscripts for eight academic journals. She has published several articles, chapters and three books and has written her publications in English and Finnish.
Lynda Macken, R.N., PhD, Research Nurse Specialist
Dr. Lynda (Lynn) Macken is a Research Nurse Specialist in the Center for Nursing Research and Quality Outcomes (CNRQO) at Maine Medical Center. Her clinical background is in nursing management, critical care, cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and corporate and community health promotion. She has master’s degrees in Nursing and Health Education. She completed her PhD in Nursing at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. Her research interests have focused on patients with cardiovascular disease and their partners, cardiac rehabilitation, and health-related quality of life. Dr. Macken has been active in promoting cardiovascular health and physical activity in community outreach programs. At the CNRQO she provides evidence-based practice and research expertise to support nursing and other patient care services clinicians conducting quality improvement and research projects. This support includes project consultation, design, data analysis, education and dissemination through presentation and manuscript development.